Test plan and test strategy are 2 of the most confusing terms in software testing. Hence, the difference between test plan and test strategy is one of the most common testing interview questions.
In this article – Test Plan vs Test Strategy. We will study the key differences between the two. Let’s start with quick formal definitions first.
A test plan is a formal document derived from requirement documents. It describes in detail, the scope of testing and the different activities performed during testing.
Whereas, a test strategy is a high-level document describing the way testing will be carried out in an organization. It basically aims at providing a systematic approach to the software testing process.
Test Plan vs Test Strategy
|Test Plan||Test Strategy|
|A test plan describes in detail the scope of testing and the different activities performed in testing.||A test strategy is a high-level document containing some guidelines about the way testing will be carried out.|
|A test plan is specific to a particular project.||A test strategy is usually for a complete organization.|
|It describes the whole testing activities in detail – the techniques used, schedule, resources, etc.||It describes the high-level test design techniques to be used, environment specifications, etc.|
|It is prepared by the test lead or test manager.||It is generally prepared by the project manager.|
|A test plan document includes components like – features to be tested, components not to be tested, approach to testing, pass-fail criteria, test deliverables, estimates, assumptions, etc.||A test strategy document includes – scope, test approach, testing tools, test environment specifications, release control, risk analysis, etc.|
|Test plans can be changed or updated.||Test strategy is usually not changed.|
|It is about the details and specifics.||It is more about general approaches and methodologies.|
For detailed information on test plan and test strategy document, please check-
This completes our tutorial on the difference between test plan and test strategy documents. You can check the differences between some other commonly confused terms below.