In this tutorial, we will see the difference between REST and SOAP web services. Please do read the tutorial introduction to Web Services before this tutorial. This will help you get a better understanding of web services. So, let’s begin with – REST vs SOAP.
Difference between REST and SOAP
|REST Web Service||SOAP Web Service|
|REST is an architectural style, any web service following REST architecture is called RESTFul Web Service.||SOAP is a protocol, a set of rules which must be followed while creating a web service|
|Doesn’t impose any constraint in data format, supports multiple data formats – JSON, XML, CSV etc.||Supports XML message format only|
|REST resources are exposed by the service URI and HTTP Verbs- GET, PUT, POST and DELETE||SOAP exposes its named methods to be consumed by a client. For example – a SOAP web service “WeatherWS” exposes its various operations as methods like – GetWeatherInformationResponse, GetCityForecastByZIP, WeatherDescription etc.|
|REST is considered light weight and faster(no XML parsing is required)||Slower than REST because of the use of verbose XML format. But it is considered more secure. This is because it uses WS-security, a component of Web Service Specification for improving web service security.|
|REST APIs consume less bandwidth. This is because the request doesn’t require SOAP headers in every message. REST make use of HTTP headers for any meta information||SOAP Web services use SOAP headers with their requests. These headers contain meta/additional information about the request|
|RESTful web services are easier and faster to create||SOAP web service follow a contract and are preferred for implementing complex logic|
|Last difference, REST stands for Representational State Transfer||SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol|
This completes our tutorial on REST vs SOAP. Check other commonly asked difference between questions below.