What is Endurance Testing?
Endurance testing is a type of performance testing of the software to check system performance under specific load conditions over an extended or longer amount of time.
It is non-functional testing and falls under types of Performance testing.
Endurance testing is also known as Soak testing. It aims at testing the system for a prolonged period of time. It makes sure that the system runs smoothly without any failure and handles the desired load.
In endurance testing, the performance testing is conducted for a longer period as per the testing requirements (such as 12 hours, 72 hours, or more) compared to other testing types such as load or stress testing.
It helps in finding out any memory leaks in the system. It also helps in checking the response time of the system over a longer period.
Endurance Testing Example
Let’s try to understand the importance of endurance testing with an example of the ‘Memory leak’ concept.
The simple definition of memory leak is “a failure to release the memory by objects that are no longer used”. This occurs due to a weak code written by a programmer”.
In the event of a memory leak, due to memory used by unused objects, available memory reduces gradually which slows down the system, and eventually, the system stops working.
In endurance testing, testers run the system for a predetermined amount of time by providing a certain amount of load to check for any memory leak.
Handling memory leaks completely depends on the programming language used.
Another real-world example can be of a bank. Let’s say offline activities in a bank are restricted for 3-4 days. During this period, online banking activities will increase as compared to other normal business days. The number of users and the number of operations will increase as well. Due to this, the system needs to be ready to handle such load.
Endurance Testing Process
Performing endurance tests requires detailed planning as such test runs require to last for a longer period. Let’s take a look at steps involved in the endurance testing process-
- Business and System Requirements Analysis – In this step, the testing team studies the business and system requirements to identify the need for endurance testing. If the system is already tested and only new features are added, then endurance testing might not be required. But if the system is a newly developed one, it becomes a necessary action.
- Test Planning – In this step, the testing team starts preparing the test plan. The team finalizes the resource requirement, cost, and time estimation for the complete testing process.
The extent of testing methods, manual and automation, and automation tools to perform endurance testing (if used) are identified. Moreover, hardware, software, database, and network requirements are finalized in this step. This should stimulate the actual production environment.
- Designing Test Scenarios and Test Cases – Once the detailed project plan is outlined, the testing team works on designing test scenarios and test cases for the testing process. Also, during this step, the breakpoint of the system is identified. That is the amount of load that needs to be used for the testing process.
- Test Environment Set up – In this step, the test environment is set up. It is advisable to keep it separate from the actual production environment and other test environments as well.
- Test Execution – Now, once the environment is ready, test cases are executed and if there are any issues identified during this step, they are noted down. Developers are responsible for solving them and retesting is performed once they are fixed.
- Closure – Once the test cycle satisfies the exit criteria for the testing process, it will be closed. Also, a report of identified issues and their final status will be prepared.
Advantages of Endurance Testing
This section discusses the advantages of endurance testing as given below-
- When the system runs for a longer period, it might face performance-related problems. It helps in finding these issues and checks the software’s durability.
- Endurance testing helps in finding bugs related to a memory leak.
- It gives confidence to the development team and the client. It is ensured that the system will run smoothly for a longer period without any maintenance.
- Like other performance testing types, endurance testing also results in customer satisfaction. Performance issues arising once the system is available to the users would result in reputation damage.
- Another advantage is a reduction in maintenance cost which can be higher if certain performance-related issues are not found during the testing cycle.
- Faults and bugs found during endurance testing help the development team and the client to improve the infrastructure.
Disadvantages of Endurance Testing
The following are some disadvantages of endurance testing-
- It is a time-consuming process. It might go on for 12 hours to many days as well.
- There should be proper research on whether endurance testing is required or not. For example, for any website which does not generate much traffic and for which regular maintenance is available, this type of testing may not be a priority.
- It is a costly process as it requires the system to run continuously throughout the test run. This demands a suitable infrastructure.
- It is important to keep the endurance testing environment separate from other test environments as it might cause application failures or data loss.
- It requires proper planning especially when it comes to deciding the number of hours the tests need to run.
- Manual endurance testing is not possible so an automation tool will have to used to conduct the testing. The testing team should be skilled in those tools.
Endurance Testing Tools
The following are some tools used for endurance testing-
- JMeter – Apache JMeter is a performance testing tool written in JAVA. It is open-source software, freely available, and platform-independent. Moreover, it supports integration with Selenium, it can also be used as a unit testing tool.
- LoadRunner – Like JMeter, LoadRunner is also a performance testing tool and, can be used as a unit and integration testing tool. It is a market leader when it comes to performance testing.
LoadRunner also supports scripts from JMeter and Selenium by declaring an interface library. It is not free but allows a certain number of users in the trial version.
- Appvance – Appvance is an automation tool used for functional, performance and security testing among others. It is an AI-driven tool that provides a virtual user dashboard and real-time analytics.
- OpenSTA – It is an open-source tool and used to perform scripted HTTP and HTTPS heavy load tests with performance measures. OpenSTA stands for Open System Testing Architecture. It is written in C++ by CYRANO and supports only Microsoft Windows operating systems.
- WebLOAD Professional – Another performance testing tool that has various pricing plans, and like NeoLoad it comes with a free plan with a limited set of users. It also supports Selenium and Perfecto Mobile.
Also, check step-by-step, complete JMeter Tutorial.
Endurance testing or Soak testing is a type of performance testing that is used to observe system behavior when the system runs for a longer period with a specific load. It is a time-consuming process and demands proper planning. It is useful in identifying performance relates issues that might arise due to the continuous running of the application.
Kuldeep is the founder and lead author of ArtOfTesting. He is skilled in test automation, performance testing, big data, and CI-CD. He brings his decade of experience to his current role where he is dedicated to educating the QA professionals. You can connect with him on LinkedIn.