The automation test suites have the tendency to take too much time in case the elements are not readily available for interaction. Also, in certain tests we might have to wait for some asynchronous event to occur in order to proceed with the test execution. In these cases, we may want to limit the test execution time by specifying an upper limit of timeout exceeding which the test method is marked as failure.
TestNG provides us timeOut attribute for handling these requirements.
Time timeOut attribute within the @Test annotation method is assigned a value specifying the number of milliseconds. In case the test method exceeds the timeout value, the test method is marked as failure with ThreadTimeoutException.
In the below code snippet we have specified a timeout of 1000ms. Inside the test methods we can see that a Thread.sleep() of 3seconds is introduced. On test execution, we can notice in the output that the test fails with ThreadTimeoutException as the timeout is 1 second and the test takes liitle over 3 seconds to execute.