Test Strategy Document

What is Test Strategy?

A Test Strategy is a high-level document describing the way testing will be carried out. It is presented by the project manager to all the stakeholders in the testing process. It can have a scope of an entire organization or a particular project.

Test Strategy Approaches

The the different apporaches to test strategy are-

  1. Analytical Approach - Based on the risk analysis
  2. Model-based Approach - Based on the various statistical models
  3. Consultative Approach - Based on the consultation with technology or domain experts
  4. Methodical Approach - Based on the experience
  5. Heuristic Approach - Based on the exploratory techniques
  6. Standard-compliant Approach - Based on the industry standards and processes

Test Strategy Document Template

A test strategy document can contain the following fields-

  • Test Strategy Id - An identifier of the test strategy document and its various versions.
  • Introduction - A brief introduction to the purpose and scope of the document.
  • Standards to use - The different standards or set of guidelines to be followed.
  • Risks and Mitigations - The different risks associated with in testing and their mitigation strategies.
  • Entry Critieria - The set of pre-requisite that must be performed before testing can start.
  • Exit Critieria - The criteria defining when the testing can be stopped.
  • Test design techniques - The test design techniques to be used like - equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis etc.
  • Test environment - The test environment specifications.
  • Configuration management of testware - Specification of the right version of testware for testing.
  • Test process improvement - The apporaches to use for improving the test process.
  • Approvals - The persons approving the test strategy document.