Manual Testing Interview Questions - part3


Ques.51. How is monkey testing different from adhoc testing?
Ans. In case of adhoc testing although there are no predefined or documented test cases still testers have the understanding of the application. While in case of monkey testing testers doesn't have any understanding of the application.


Ques.52. What is exploratory testing?
Ans. Exploratory testing is a type of testing in which new test case are added and updated while exploring the system or executing test cases. Unlike scripted testing, test design and execution goes parallely in exploratory testing.


Ques.53. What is performance testing?
Ans. Performance testing is a type of non-functional testing in which the performance of the system is evaluated under expected or higher load. The various performance parameters evaluated during performance testing are - response time, reliability, resource usage, scalabilty etc.


Ques.54. What is load testing?
Ans. Load testing is a type of performance testing which aims at finding application's performance under expected workload. During load testing we evaluate the response time, throughput, error rate etc parameters of the application.


Ques.55. What is stress testing?
Ans. Stress testing is a type of performance testing in which application's behaviuor is monitored under higher workload tehn expected. Stress testing is done to find memory leaks, robustness of the application as it is subjected to high workload.


Ques.56. What is volume testing?
Ans. Volume testing is a type of performance testing in which the performance of application is evaluated with large amount of data. It checks the scalability of the application and helps in identification of bottleneck with high volume of data.


Ques.57. What is endurance testing or Soak testing?
Ans. Endurance testing is a type of performance testing which aims at finding issues like memory leaks when an application is subjected to load test for a long period of time.


Ques.58. What is spike testing?
Ans. Endurance testing is a type of performance testing in which the application's performance is measured while suddenly increasing the number of active users during the load test.


Ques.59. What is usability testing?
Ans. Usability testing is the type of testing that aims at determining the extent to which the application is easy to understand and use.


Ques.60. What is Accessibility testing?
Ans. Accessibility is the type of testing which aims at determining the ease of use or operation of the application specifically by with disabilities.


Ques.61. What is compatibity testing?
Ans. Testing software to see how compatible the software is with a particular environment - Operating system, platform or hardware.


Ques.62. What is configuration testing?
Ans. Configuration testing is the type of testing used to evaluate the configurational requirements of the software along with effect of changing the required configuration.


Ques.63. What is localisation testing?
Ans. Localisation testing is a type of testing in which we evaluate the application's customization(localized version of application) to a particular culture or locale. Generally the content of the application is checked for updation(e.g. content language).


Ques.64. What is globalisation testing?
Ans. Globalisation testing is a type of testing in which application is evaluated for its functioning across the world.


Ques.65. What is negative testing?
Ans. Negative testing is a type of testing in which the application's robustness(graceful exiting or error reporting) is evaluated when provided with invalid input or test data.


Ques.66. What is security testing?
Ans. Security testing is a type of testing which aims at evaluating the integrity, authentication, authorization, availabilty, confidentiality and non-repudation of the application under test.


Ques.67. What is penetration testing?
Ans. Penetration testing or pen testing is a type of security testing in which application is evaluated(safely exploited) for different kinds of vulnerabilities that any hacker could expolit.


Ques.68. What is robustness testing?
Ans. Robustness testing is a type of testing that is performed to find the robustness of the application i.e. the ability of the system to behave gracefully in case of erroneous test steps and test input.


Ques.69. What is A/B testing?
A/B testing is a type of testing in which the two variants of the software product are exposed to the end users and on analysing the user behaviour on each variant the better variant is chosen and used thereafter.


Ques.70. What is concurrency testing?
Ans. Concurrency testing is a multi-user testing in which an application is evaluated by analyzing application's behaviour with concurent users acccessing the same functioanity.


Ques.71. What is all pair testing?
Ans. All pair testing is a type of testing in which the application is tested with all possible combination of the values of input parameters.


Ques.72. What is failover testing?
Ans. Failover testing is a type of testing that is used to verify application's ability to allocate more resources(more servers) in case of failure and transfering of the processing part to back-up system.


Ques.73. What is fuzz testing?
Ans. Fuzz testing is a type of testing in which large amount of random data is provided as input to the application in order to find security loopholes and other issues in the application.


Ques.74. What is UI testing?
Ans. UI or user interface testing is a type of testing that aims at finding Graphical User Interface defects in the application and checks that the GUI conforms to the specifications.


Ques.75. What is risk analysis?
Ans. Risk analysis is the analysis of the risk identified and assigning an appropriate risk level to it based on its impact over the application.